CBD oil has fast become one of the world’s most talked about supplements. The health benefits of CBD are numerous and are backed up by real science. One of the lesser known forms of CBD extract is CBD paste. So what is CBD paste? And is it better than CBD oil?
What is CBD paste?
CBD paste is the raw material that is used to make CBD oil. CBD oil is simply CBD paste that has been suspended in a carrier oil, (unless it is CBD isolate, but we’ll get to that later).
What is CBD paste made of?
CBD paste is made of low THC cannabis plants, or hemp plants. Both cannabis and hemp plants are varieties of cannabis sativa, one of the main sub-types of cannabis. CBD paste is made of CBD-rich varieties of hemp plants.
What is CBD rich hemp?
Cannabis varieties contain compounds called cannabinoids. Of these cannabinoids, THC and CBD are the most well-known.
THC is the cannabinoid that get’s you high, and CBD is the cannabinoid that (amongst other things) counteracts the effects of THC. So-called ‘skunk’ marijuana plants have been specifically bred to have very high levels of THC and low levels of CBD to maximise the effects.
In the same way, hemp plants have been cultivated to contain very high levels of CBD. Hemp is naturally low in THC and higher in CBD anyway, but it can be made even more so through selective breeding. This creates what is called CBD rich hemp plants.
How is CBD paste made?
CBD paste is made using a process called supercritical CO² extraction. Although this method of extraction isn’t cheap, it is the most efficient way to create CBD paste from hemp plants. It results in high-quality natural CBD extracts with minimal processing.
The process uses a CO² extraction machine to separate desired components from other materials. SFE machines are highly sophisticated and can extract compounds with precision.
The best thing about this method is that the other good stuff found in hemp plants is not lost. The machine can create high-grade, full spectrum CBD extract from raw hemp plants at high speeds. This method can also produce whole-plant CBD.
After the CBD extract has been made, it then undergoes a process called decarboxylation.
What is decarboxylation?
Decarboxylation is a chemical process that converts cannabinoid acids into cannabinoids.
In involves heating the extract at a specific temperature for a specific amount of time. This results in inactive compounds being converted into active ones.
The acid form of CBD is called CBDa. Similarly, the acid form of THC is THCa. When CBD extracts are decarboxylated, CBDa is converted into CBD and becomes more potent.
Even though CBD is considered to be more effective than CBDa, research still suggests it has therapeutic properties. CBDa has been found to prevent the spread of breast cancer cells and have anti-inflammatory properties.
What is whole-plant CBD paste?
Whole plant CBD paste is made from the whole of the hemp plant. That includes the leaves, the buds or flowers, the stem AND the roots. Pretty obvious, but why is it important?
Whole plant CBD extract is important because of something called the entourage effect.
What is the entourage effect?
The entourage effect is a term coined by leading cannabinoid researchers. Scientists found that cannabinoids like CBD are more effective when they are combined with other components naturally found in the plant.
This includes other cannabinoids such as THC, CGB and CBC. It also includes essential vitamins, minerals, fatty acids, protein, chlorophyll and terpenes.
In short, the entourage effect means that in the case of CBD, the whole is greater than the sum of its parts. Therefore, it is more beneficial to create CBD paste from whole plants.
Learn more about the entourage effect here.
What is full spectrum CBD paste?
The term ‘full spectrum’ isn’t quite the same as ‘whole-plant’ but is closely related. Full spectrum is referring to a CBD extract that contains the full spectrum of cannabinoids and other compounds, like the ones mentioned above.
While all whole-plant extracts will be classed as full spectrum, not all full-spectrum extracts are necessarily made from the whole plant. You could technically make a ‘full-spectrum’ extract only using the stem, the leaves and the buds for example.
Is CBD paste better than CBD oil?
To answer this, we must first look into the differences between CBD paste and CBD oil.
What is the difference between CBD paste and CBD oil?
The difference is actually very simple.
CBD paste is the raw material from which CBD oil is made. CBD oil is simply CBD paste that has been dissolved into a carrier oil, usually hemp oil.
The percentage value of CBD oil is referring to the concentration of CBD paste in that oil. The higher the concentration of CBD paste, the higher the percentage and the stronger the oil.
(this is where it can get confusing)
CBD paste also has a percentage value. That percentage value is referring to the concentration of CBD in the paste.
This means that the strength of CBD oil is dependent on two things:
- The CBD content of the raw paste
- The concentration of CBD paste in the carrier oil
There is one exception to this rule, and that is CBD isolate.
What is CBD isolate?
CBD isolate is a pure form of CBD. It is created by a series of processes and is much more processed than CBD paste.
First, the components of the plant are separated using ethanol as a solvent. The plant then goes through critical CO² extraction as normal to obtain a CBD extract. Chemists then use a process called chromatography to separate all plant materials from the CBD compound. This results in a fine white powder or crystal.
CBD isolate is a 99% CBD extract, a very high concentration. In some ways this is beneficial as it creates a CBD concentration that is not possible using natural methods of extraction. However, the process strips away all the other beneficial materials that are found naturally in the plant. This means that the all-important entourage effect is nullified.
Is CBD paste stronger than CBD oil?
Yes, because it is highly concentrated and not diluted in a carrier oil. This means that for every dose a person will receive much more CBD than if they were to use an oil.
It does however make the product less palatable since the taste can be quite strong!
Bioavailability of CBD paste VS CBD oil
Bioavailability refers to the absorption of a compound in the body. Some ways of taking CBD have more bioavailability than others.
Using CBD topically (on the skin) has the lowest bioavailability. Swallowing CBD paste or oil has higher bioavailability than topically. However, the paste or oil must pass through the digestive tract before reaching the liver, and this can take some time. It normally takes two hours for CBD to reach the bloodstream when swallowed.
Research has found the best way to take CBD paste or oil is sublingually. This involves holding the paste or oil under the tongue for at least two minutes. This way the mucus membranes in the mouth absorb the CBD and it bypasses the digestive tract. It means the CBD reaches the bloodstream much faster.
CBD paste and oil can both be taken sublingually. However, since CBD paste has a higher concentration of CBD than oil, CBD paste has greater bioavailability than CBD oil.
Bioavailability is crucial when it comes to the efficacy of CBD products. That’s why if you’re looking for a stronger form of CBD extract, your best option is a full-spectrum organic CBD paste.
Where to buy organic CBD paste
Only a handful of CBD retailers sell CBD paste. This can be for several reasons. CBD paste usually has lower profit margins and can be difficult to source. Also, most CBD sellers are selling white-label products. This means that many CBD shops are selling the same products, all from the same supplier.
It can be even more difficult to find organic, whole-plant CBD paste in the UK.
You can buy certified organic, full-spectrum CBD paste right here. You won’t find a higher quality CBD paste for a better price anywhere in the UK.
CBD paste is one of the best forms of CBD extract. Not only it is one of the most natural forms of CBD extract, but it also has naturally high concentrations of CBD.
CBD paste has undergone minimal processing and retains all the other beneficial compounds found in CBD-rich hemp plants.
CBD paste has a greater bioavailability than CBD oil because it has a high concentration. The best way to get the most out of CBD paste is to take it sublingually.
It is important to go for full-spectrum, whole-plant organic CBD paste. This will have no pesticides or chemicals and will retain all the good stuff naturally found in the plant.